Lion Global Investors and Phillip Capital are due to launch the Lion-Phillip S-REIT ETF on the SGX on 30 October 2017. (The Initial Offer Period is open now until 17 Oct for investors who are interested in subscribing early.) The ETF is the very first exchange-traded fund in the world that invests purely in Singapore REITs.
S-REITs have been (and still are) a popular investment vehicle for investors seeking relatively high and stable dividend yield. The expected yield for S-REITs in 2017 is around 6%, and that’s just for dividends alone; the average year-to-date price performance for S-REITs is 14%.
There are currently 38 REITs in Singapore and, suffice to say, it’s easy to see why they are so well-liked by investors. Someone who doesn’t like to bother with stock picking can simply invest in a basket of all 38 S-REITs and be sitting on a total return of 21% so far this year!
Realistically speaking, though, it’s unlikely that a retail investor would undertake the exercise to invest in all 38 S-REITs. It’s a cumbersome task for the individual and the trading commissions alone would cause a small dent in your pocket.
Which is where the Lion-Phillip S-REIT ETF comes in…
Before this, there was no easy way to invest in a basket of S-REITs at one go. The closest alternatives were the Nikko AM Asia Ex Japan REIT ETF and the SGX APAC Dividend Leaders REIT ETF. But both funds only have around 60% and 30% of their holdings in S-REITs respectively – not ideal for the investor who wants to invest in only S-REITs.
But now you can, with the Lion-Phillip S-REIT ETF.
But should you?
Here are five things you need to know about the Lion-Phillip S-REIT ETF before you invest.
1. Pure Singapore REIT exposure
The Lion Phillip S-REIT ETF invests in 23 Singapore REITs. The constituents and their respective weight (as of August 2017) are shown in the table below.
|CapitaLand Mall Trust||Retail||10.76%|
|CapitaLand Commercial Trust||Office||10.25%|
|Mapletree Commercial Trust||Diversified||8.98%|
|Mapletree Industrial Trust||Industrial||7.64%|
|Mapletree Logistics Trust||Industrial||5.52%|
|Ascott Residence Trust||Diversified||4.54%|
|Mapletree Greater China Commercial Trust||Diversified||3.55%|
|CDL Hospitality Trust||Hotel & Motel||3.50%|
|Starhill Global REIT||Retail||3.44%|
|Frasers Commercial Trust||Office||2.35%|
|Parkway Life REIT||Healthcare||2.34%|
|Frasers Centrepoint Trust||Retail||1.97%|
|Keppel DC REIT||Industrial||1.71%|
|OUE Hospitality Trust||Hotel & Motel||1.42%|
|CapitaLand Retail China Trust||Retail||1.26%|
|Lippo Malls Indonesia Retail Trust||Retail||1.12%|
|Frasers Logistics & Industrial Trust||Industrial||0.88%|
|Far East Hospitality Trust||Hotel & Motel||0.76%|
|Frasers Hospitality Trust||Hotel & Motel||0.70%|
The maximum weight for a single constituent is 10% and the fund is rebalanced semi-annually. If a REIT exceeds 10% in weight, it will be rebalanced to within 10% at the next rebalancing.
Here’s the sector allocation based on asset value:
As you can see, the fund is concentrated in the office, retail, and industrial sectors which is understandable as the majority of Singapore REITs hail from these three areas.
It’s good to remember that although the Lion-Phillip S-REIT ETF is a pure Singapore REIT play, it doesn’t mean your investment is confined to the Singapore economy. For example, just to mention a few, Suntec REIT has properties in Australia, Mapletree Greater China Commercial Trust invests exclusively in Hong Kong/China, and Lippo Malls Indonesia Retail Trust owns retail properties in Indonesia.
So if you’re the type of investor who prefers exposure to the Singapore economy only, then you’d have to individually invest in REITs that only own Singaporean assets (e.g. CapitaLand Mall Trust, Mapletree Industrial Trust, etc.)
2. Passive ETF
The Lion-Phillip S-REIT ETF is a passive ETF. In other words, the fund manager does not actively manage the fund and simply tracks an index. In this case, the Lion-Phillip S-REIT ETF tracks the Morningstar® Singapore REIT Yield Focus Index.
Since the ETF tracks an index, the question I would ask is: “How then does Morningstar decide which REITs to place in its index, and based on what criteria?”
Unlike the S&P 500 which is hugely diversified and represents the broad market in general, the Morningstar® Singapore REIT Yield Focus Index only has 23 REITs (at this point). Therefore, the quality of its picks matters quite a bit more.
According to Morningstar, it constructs the Singapore REIT Yield Focus Index based on three criteria:
- Quantitative moat. An economic moat is a sustainable competitive advantage that allows a company to protect its long-term profits and market share from competitors. Morningstar uses an algorithm to determine the Quantitative Moat Rating to predict the Economic Moat Rating a Morningstar analyst would assign to a company. A score of zero can be interpreted as average, and a positive (negative) value implies high (low) quality.
- Distance to default. Morningstar uses an equation to calculate the probability that a company will go bankrupt and compares the score of the company to a peer group of stocks within the real estate sector of developed Asia Pacific markets (i.e. Singapore, Japan, Hong Kong, Australia, and New Zealand). The higher the score, the stronger the financial health of the company.
- TTM dividend yield. The higher the trailing twelve months dividend yield, the higher the score.
If you’re into finance equations, you can click on the links I provided above to read more about Morningstar’s methodology. In any case, it does seem that Morningstar’s rules for constructing the Singapore REIT Yield Focus Index favors the larger, more stable REITs with government-linked companies as sponsors (e.g CapitaLand, Mapletree, Ascendas-Singbridge, etc.) – which is obvious based on the three criteria mentioned.
3. Tracking error
When it comes to investing in an ETF that tracks an index, you want the ETF to have minimal tracking error. For example, if the index gains 10%, the ETF should likewise grow by a similar amount. I say similar because it is nearly impossible for a fund to mimic an index perfectly due to fees, transaction costs, cash drag and timing. However, a good manager should be able to reduce an ETF’s tracking error to a minimum.
At this point, the Lion-Phillip S-REIT ETF has no tracking error data since it hasn’t launched, but the manager is targeting to keep the tracking error to not exceed 3% per annum.
In my opinion, the tracking error is relatively high. In comparison, the tracking error of SPDR® Straits Times Index ETF is only 0.0893%. But we have to note that the constituents of the Straits Times Index are more liquid, which helps to reduce tracking error.
4. Expense ratio
Another important consideration when investing in an ETF is its expense ratio. In addition to management fees, the fund also has other costs like taxes, legal expenses, and accounting and auditing fees. Clearly, the lower the expense ratio, the better.
The management fee for the Lion-Phillip S-REIT ETF is 0.50% per annum and, according to the briefing I attended, the manager aims to have the total expense ratio (which includes the management fee) at around 0.60% per annum.
In comparison, the of SPDR® Straits Times Index ETF has an expense ratio of 0.30% per annum. The reason why a larger fund usually has a lower expense ratio is due to size and economies of scale. So while the expense ratio for the Lion-Phillip S-REIT ETF is a lot higher, it’s understandable because the fund is still new and a lot smaller.
5. 17% tax on dividends
Update: Dividends from S-REITs to ETFs will no longer be subjected to a 17% withholding tax for both local and foreign individuals from 1 July 2018.
The dividends derived by the fund is subject to the prevailing income tax rate, currently at 17%. The current trailing twelve-month dividend yield for the Morningstar® Singapore REIT Yield Focus Index is 5.75%. After applying taxes, your dividend yield shrinks to 4.77%.
In contrast, when you invest in an S-REIT as an individual, your dividends are tax-free. Dividends form a large part a REIT’s return and enjoying tax-free returns is a large part of the attractiveness of investing in S-REITs.
This is probably the biggest drawback of the Lion-Phillip S-REIT ETF which they unfortunately cannot avoid at this moment, unless the tax regulations change.
The fifth perspective
I believe some investors has been crying out for a pure S-REIT fund that allows them to diversify into a basket of quality S-REITs at one go. The Lion-Phillip S-REIT ETF may also interest foreign investors for the same reason and if so, this ETF is right up their alley.
If you’re a passive investor who wants exposure to S-REITs but doesn’t have the time nor interest to pick your own investments, then the Lion-Phillip S-REIT ETF might be suitable for you — if you don’t mind the fees and taxes.
However, the 17% tax on dividends is a huge disadvantage for investors, especially those who are looking to invest for income. So if the 17% tax on dividends throws you off and you prefer to earn higher returns for your money, then it might make more sense to just pick your own S-REIT investments.