13 things to know about Mapletree Industrial Trust before you invest

Mapletree Industrial Trust (MIT) is a REIT that owns a portfolio of industrial properties including flatted factories, hi-tech buildings, business parks, and light industrial buildings. As at 23 April 2018, MIT’s portfolio was valued at S$4.3 billion.

In this article, I’ll bring an overview of MIT’s full-year performances since its IPO and an update on its growth plans for the near future. Here are 13 things you need to know about Mapletree Industrial Trust before you invest.

Track record

1. MIT has achieved a CAGR of 10.2% in valuation of its portfolio over the past seven years, from 70 properties worth a combined S$2.2 billion in 2011 to 99 properties worth S$4.2 billion in 2018. This indicates that the management has been proactive at expanding MIT’s portfolio over the long term.

Source: Annual Reports of Mapletree Industrial Trust

2. Gross revenues grew from S$246.4 million in 2012 to S$363.2 million in 2018. This, in turn, contributed to rising distributable income — from S$131.7 million in 2012 to S$215.8 million in 2018. MIT’s distribution per unit (DPU) grew from 8.41 cents in 2012 to 11.75 cents in 2018. This growth is in line with MIT’s efforts to expand its property portfolio during the period.

Source: Annual Reports of Mapletree Industrial Trust

3. As at 31 March 2018, MIT had a total debt of S$1.46 billion (inclusive of a portion in a joint venture entity) and its gearing ratio is 33.1%. Its weighted average cost of debt is 2.9% and 85.1% of its debt is hedged against interest rate fluctuations. MIT’s weighted average tenure of debt is 3.3 years. MIT has a ‘BBB+ with Stable Outlook’ credit rating by Fitch’s Rating.

Income visibility

4. As at 31 March 2018, MIT has a portfolio occupancy rate of 89.6%. MIT’s largest tenant is Hewlett-Packard (HP) which accounts for 9.9% of gross rental income and is the REIT’s largest income contributor. While there is a slight concentration risk in HP since it accounts for a significant portion of income, MIT has over 2,000 other tenants and they each account for no more than 3.3% of gross rental income.

Mapletree Industrial Trust Top 10 Tenants (2018)% of Gross Revenue
HP Singapore (Private) Limited9.9%
AT&T Inc3.3%
STT Tai Seng Pte Ltd2.9%
Equinix Singapore Pte Ltd2.8%
Celestica Electronics (S) Pte Ltd1.4%
Dell Global B.V. (Singapore Branch)1.3%
Life Technologies Holdings Pte Ltd1.3%
Kulicke & Soffa Pte Ltd1.2%
HGST Singapore Pte Ltd1.1%
Sony Electronics (Singapore) Pte Ltd0.9%

Source: 2018 Annual Report Mapletree Industrial Trust

5. As at 31 March 2018, MIT’s weighted average lease expiry (WALE) is 3.8 years. Thirty-six percent of its leases are not due for renewal until 2022 and beyond, adding to MIT’s income visibility over the long term. The management has stepped up its efforts to retain its tenants and recorded a 77.2% tenant retention rate in 2018 — an increase from 71.0% from the previous year.

Source: 2018 Annual Report Mapletree Industrial Trust

Growth drivers

6. On 22 June 2017, MIT obtained the temporary occupation permit for Phase 2 of 1 and 1A Depot Close. The property was originally a flatted-factory cluster that was redeveloped into a built-to-suit facility for HP. Presently, the property is fully leased to HP for an initial period of 10.5 years with annual rental escalations with an option to renew for two additional five-year terms.

7. On 20 December 2017, MIT completed the acquisition of 14 data centres in the United States. MIT has a 40% stake in the US$753.8 million acquisition with the balance owned by MIT’s sponsor, Mapletree Investments. Presently, the 14 data centres have an average occupancy rate of 97.4% and a WALE of 6.0 years. The leases have a built-in rental escalation of over 2% annually. The acquisition will contribute its first full year of results in 2019.

8. On 13 February 2018, MIT finished a S$77 million asset enhancement initiative (AEI) at 30A Kallang Place and Kallang Basin 4. The AEI, which will add about 336,000 square feet of gross floor area, comprises the development of a new 14-storey hi-tech building and improvement works on existing buildings at Kallang Basin 4. Presently, MIT has secured 43.8% in committed leases for the combined property.

9. On 13 July 2018, MIT completed a built-to-suit data centre, Mapletree Sunview 1, for an established data centre operator. The project cost S$76 million to build and the data centre is currently fully leased under an initial lease term of 10 years with annual rental escalations and renewal options.

10. On 27 June 2018, MIT completed the purchase of 7 Tai Seng Drive for S$68 million from its sister REIT, Mapletree Logistics Trust. MIT has budgeted a further S$27 million to convert the seven-storey building into a high-specification building for an established ICT (Information Communication Technologies) company. The project is scheduled for completion in 2H2019 and will be leased to the ICT company under an initial term of 25 years with annual rental escalations when ready. Post-acquisition, MIT now owns a portfolio of 100 properties: 86 properties in Singapore and 14 data centres in the United States.

11. Mapletree Investments is the sponsor and the largest shareholder of MIT with a 32.8% shareholding presently. Mapletree is a leading integrated real estate development, investment, and capital management company that owns and manages S$39.5 billion worth of properties worldwide. MIT has right of first refusal (ROFR) for Mapletree’s industrial and business park properties in Singapore (with the exception of Mapletree Business City II which is earmarked for Mapletree Commercial Trust). This acquisition pipeline from its sponsor will provide MLT with a stream of potential acquisitions over the long term.


12. Price-to-book ratio – MIT’s share price (as of 6 August 2018) is S$1.97 and its net asset value per unit (as at 30 June 2018) is S$1.48. Thus, its current price-to-book ratio is 1.33, which is close to its highest historical P/B ratio of 1.38.

Source: Calculated from data from annual reports of Mapletree Industrial Trust

13. Dividend yield – MITs DPU for financial year 2018 is 11.75 cents. Based on MIT’s share price of S$1.97 (as of 6 August 2018) its gross dividend yield is 6.0%, which is near its lowest historical yield of 5.79%.

Source: Calculated from data from annual reports of Mapletree Industrial Trust

The fifth perspective

Mapletree Industrial Trust has delivered sustainable growth in revenues, distributable income, and DPU to its unitholders since its IPO in October 2010. Overall, the REIT has delivered 199.7% in total returns to unitholders who invested at its IPO at 93 cents per unit. (The total returns comprise capital gains of 118.3% and dividend yield of 81.4% over the eight-year period.)

Moving ahead, MIT has laid a strong foundation to grow its rental income further with the acquisition of 14 data centres in the United States and the completion of built-to-suit projects at Depot Close and Mapletree Sunview 1. Additional income is also intended to be derived after the completion of the AEI at 7 Tai Seng Drive in 2H 2019.

However, MIT is currently priced close to its highest historical P/B ratio since its IPO and paying close to its lowest historical yield since its IPO. Investors would be mindful to wait for a better price before they consider having a look at MIT.

Ian Tai is the founder of Bursa King, a data platform that empowers retail investors to build wealth through ownership of fundamentally solid stocks. It is an essential tool that helps investors unearth consistently profitable stocks from a database of over 900+ stocks listed in Malaysia. As a Malaysian with close family ties in Singapore, Ian publishes a series of newsletters on how anyone can invest profitability in both countries.

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